What is Natural Gas?
Natural gas is a combustible mix of hydrocarbon gases. It’s colourless and consists mainly of methane (CH4). ‘Conventional gas’ is easily extracted; ‘unconventional gas’ requires more sophisticated extraction technologies.
Natural gas is delivered in pipelines and typically fuels hot water, appliances and heating.
What is Fossil Fuel?
Fossil Fuel is a fuel formed over millions of years from organic matter such as plankton, plants and other life forms. These underground resources are still the primary fuel source for electricity, heating and powering vehicles around the globe.
How does natural gas produce electricity?
A fuel source such as coal, gas, hydropower or wind, is required to generate electricity.
Most generators operate on the same principle: they turn a turbine so that it spins magnets to get the flow of electrons across atoms, which in turn generates electricity.
Natural gas is burned to heat water, which creates steam and turns the turbine, creating electricity.
Find out more about how electricity is made.
What’s the difference between natural gas and LPG?
LPG (or liquefied petroleum gas) is a versatile fuel that is commonly used in Australian homes and businesses.
Home appliances can run on either natural gas or LPG, so it’s worthwhile knowing the differences between them.
LPG is produced during oil refining or is extracted during the natural gas production process. If you release LPG, gas is emitted. In order to transport it, LPG needs to be placed under modest pressure to form a liquid. It can then be stored and transported in LPG cylinders.
Natural gas is extracted from deep within the earth and can contain ethane, propane, butane and pentane. Australian homes typically have hot water, appliances and heating fuelled by natural gas, which is delivered in pipelines.
Find out more about LPG.