Australia is a major coal exporter
Coal is Australia’s second largest export commodity, accounting for about 13 percent of Australia’s total exports in 2012-2013 and worth about $38 billion.7
Coal and climate change
Burning coal to generate electricity produces greenhouse gases, which cause climate change.
Brown coal is not as efficient at burning as black coal (because of its high moisture and low carbon content) and therefore it produces up to 30 percent more greenhouse gas emissions than black coal when used to generate electricity.
While coal remains one of the cheapest sources of electricity in Australia, and across the world, there’s a global movement towards a greater use of natural gas and renewable energy as communities realise the impacts of climate change.8